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As the world develops so does our use of materials and technology. Years ago, wood was one of the main materials used in buildings and furniture, and the specialized workers that used this material were called carpenters. Well, as we use more and more glass for building structures and furniture there is a specialized worker who is trained to work with glass they are referred to as glaziers.

Glaziers deal with all matters of installation, repair, removal and replacement of all types of glass, mirrors and glass substitutes. They are also trained in the layout, preparation, installation, repair, replacement and removal of all architectural metal products such as storefront and window systems as well as aluminum entranceways.

Glaziers' skills are also used in manufacturing furniture, display cabinets, bathroom fixtures and decorative windows. Depending on where they are employed and their existing skills there is a lot of room for creativity in this work. Some glaziers create custom and artistically designed glass installations for residential and commercial use.
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  Average Earnings  
Lowest 10% of Earners:
Median Salary:
Highest 10% of Earners:

  Interests and Skills  
Glaziers like to work with their hands. They are good with tools and able to use instruments precisely to do cutting and detailing work. They are able to communicate well with customers regarding the needs and costs specific to each project. Glaziers also have the ability to read blueprints and specifications to understand the materials needed for a job.
They also have an eye for shape and form and occasionally they get to use these skills to manufacture creative specialized pieces for buildings or furnishings. If they work on commercial buildings glaziers must be able to work comfortably at heights on scaffolding.

  Typical Tasks  
  • Read and interpret specifications to determine type and thickness of glass, frame and materials required
  • Measure and mark glass and cut glass using glass cutters
  • Position glass panes into frames and secure glass using clips, points or mouldings
  • Assemble and install prefabricated glass, mirrors or glass products on walls, ceilings or exteriors of building
  • Fabricate metal frames for glass installation
  • Install pre-cut mirrors and opaque and transparent glass panels in frames to form exterior walls of buildings
  • Replace windows and windshields in vehicles and glass in furniture and other products
  • Prepare and install skylights and stained or other special glass in churches, museums and other establishments
  • Prepare cost estimates for customers or clients.
  • Glaziers generally work a 40-hour week depending on where they are employed. Some glaziers work in factories while others are employed in construction and work on different projects as required. One day they could be installing the window on a car and the next day they could be installing stained glass into a church.

  Workplaces, Employers and Industries  
  • Glaziers are typically work in factories, or on construction and renovation projects. Some glaziers create custom and artistically designed glass installations for residential and commercial use. They are employed by construction glass installation contractors, retail service and repair shops and glass fabrication shops.

  Long Term Career Potential  
Glaziers have very limited opportunity for self-employment or part-time work. With experience and/or training glaziers may also work as estimators, in sales, or in architectural firms as specialists.

  Educational Paths  
Glaziers receive their training either through informal, on-the-job training or through an apprenticeship program. Trade certification can be obtained either through an apprenticeship program or after several years of work experience. While trade certification is not mandatory in all areas to become a glazier, it can be a requirement for many employers and can also help secure employment.

Apprenticeship programs involve a combination of on-the-job training andclassroom instruction. A pre-apprenticeship course may also be available which takes about five to six months to complete at a community college and is designed to help you get connected with a good company to apprentice with. It is important to apprentice with a reputable company as that is your education. While some apprenticeship programs may not require a high school diploma, it is important to note that employers generally prefer to hire high school graduates.

Apprenticeships can vary, however a typical apprenticeship lasts four to five years. The apprenticeship is a paid position, however wages are about 50 percent of what an employer pays the journeyperson, with yearly increases. After successfully completing the apprenticeship requirements, their industry training and apprenticeship office awards the glazier a certificate of completion.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition,
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Employment Statistics, 2002,

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