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Mathematician 


Description Math  love it or hate it, we use it every day in our lives; usually without even knowing it. Mathematicians study the relationships among numbers, shapes, and quantities, including arithmetic, algebra, calculus, geometry, and trigonometry. They research mathematical theories, and develop and apply mathematical techniques, for solving problems in such fields as science, engineering, business and social science. Mathematicians manipulate and interpret numbers, search for patterns in numbers, and develop mathematical models to find solutions to problems in business, industry and research. Mathematicians research fundamental mathematics and its application to a wide variety of problems. At an abstract level, they assemble sets of assumptions and explore the consequences of each set. When confronted with any problem that has some mathematical basis, an organization may consult a mathematician for advice about what is required to assure the existence of a solution to the problem, or the accuracy with which a solution can be found and what it may cost. These mathematicians generally work as consultants assisting with business and research projects that demand advanced knowledge of mathematics. Mathematicians may also work on mathematical problems in a variety of other fields, such as mechanics, electromagnetic theory, economics, computer science and the petrochemical industry. Many others teach math at all levels of education. Mathematicians work in one of two areas: applied math or theoretical math. Applied mathematicians use mathematical theories and techniques, such as modeling, to solve practical problems in business, engineering and the sciences. For example, they may investigate the cost of establishing a new business or the mathematical aspects of mining for ore. Applied mathematicians take a practical problem, envision the individual elements of the process under consideration, and then reduce the elements into mathematical variables. They often use computers to analyze relationships among the variables and solve complex problems by developing models with alternate solutions. Specialty forms of applied mathematics are statistics, demographics and cryptology, to name a few. Theoretical mathematicians seek to advance mathematical science by developing new principles and new relationships between existing mathematical principles. Theoretical math hardly considers practicality, yet it still has added to many instrumental products and many scientific and engineering achievements. 
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Sources:
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 201415 Edition, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/ Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Employment Statistics, 2002, http://www.bls.gov/oes/2002/oes_nat.htm 
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